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Audubon Park

About this listing

Residential neighborhood on John James Audubon's former estate

Place Details

Borough : Manhattan
Neighborhood : Washington Heights
Residential, Historic Site & Museum

Place Matters Profile

A small neighborhood within the larger Washington Heights community, Audubon Park's growth and development demonstrates upper Manhattan's transformation from a bucolic rural setting to a thriving, diverse urban area. Today it is home to both a strong residential community as well as to the Audubon Terrace Historic District, a grouping of major cultural institutions.

During the 18th century a portion of the Battle of New York was fought in the area that is now Audubon Park. Later, in the mid-19th century, the well-known naturalist John James Audubon had a country estate here. In the late 1800s many other wealthy New Yorkers also had homes in the area including George Bird Grinnell, who is known as the father of the American Conservation Movement.

With the extension of the subway to 157th Street in 1904, developers began to build large luxury apartment buildings in Audubon Park--many of which remain to this day...

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Sources

Grinnell, George Bird. Audubon Park: The History of the Site of the Hispanic Society of America and Neighboring Institutions. New York City: The Hispanic Society of America, 1927.

The Grinnell Gazette. "From Minnie's Land to Audubon Park: Lower Washington Heights from 1840 to 1870." October 25, 1998, Vol 1, No. 2.

The Grinnell Gazette. "Audubon Park and Its Surroundings: 1855-1870." November 30, 1998, Vol 1, No. 3.

Nominations

Matthew Spady

Neighborhood known as Audubon Park (site of the 19th-century estate of naturalist John James Audubon), featuring Audubon Terrace and Trinity Cemetery; the area was home to George Bird Grinnell, "father of the American conservation movement."


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